The usual flight simulator, the official name is Full Flight Simulator, is about two stories high. It simulates the cockpit according to the 1:1 ratio of the real aircraft, and is equipped with various real aircraft instruments, six The degree-of-freedom electric motion platform can simulate the realistic flight environment of the cockpit. In addition, according to the needs of flight training, the simulator is not only equipped with an instructor's platform system and the topographic and terrain visual databases of multiple airports at home and abroad, but also can simulate Bad weather such as wind, rain, thunder and lightning, rain, snow and hail.
Control system, display system, flight cockpit, flight control platform and multi-degree-of-freedom dynamic platform;
Aircraft simulation cabin function
It is mainly to simulate the movement of the six degrees of freedom of the aircraft, including front and rear, left and right, and up and down movements;
Simulate movements caused by changes in aircraft under various flight conditions;
Simulate the attitude and collision effects of landing touchdown and the motion that occurs when the brakes are applied;
Simulate vibration and buffeting at frequencies close to the real aircraft and buffeting caused by atmospheric turbulence in the corresponding degrees of freedom.
The advantages of dynamic platform:
The dynamic platform can read the force feedback data in the game, and dynamically reflect it to the driver. It can realize the centrifugal force of the real car, push the back, shake, bump, and restore the state of various road conditions, so that the player can feel in the cockpit. Experience the visual and tactile impact of driving.
Components of the flight simulator
1. Simulated cockpit
In the simulated cockpit of the flight simulator for training, various control devices, instruments, signal display equipment, etc. are almost identical to the actual aircraft, and their work and indication conditions are also the same as those of the actual aircraft. So the pilot is in the simulated cockpit, just like in the cockpit of a real plane. When the pilot manipulates various control equipment (stick, accelerator, switch, etc.), not only the various instruments and signal lights can work accordingly, but also the sound of the corresponding equipment (such as the roar of the engine, the sound of retracting the landing gear) can be heard. ...) and the sound of the external environment (such as the friction between the body and the airflow, the sound of thunderstorms, etc.). At the same time, the pilot's hands and feet can also feel the force generated by the control of the aircraft.
2. Movement system
It is used to simulate the change of the attitude and speed of the aircraft, so that the pilot's body can feel the movement of the aircraft. Its motion system has six degrees of freedom. It is mainly composed of six servo electric cylinders and the platform they support. The simulated cockpit is installed on the platform, which can drive the platform and make the cockpit simulate the movement of the aircraft.
3. Vision system
It is used to simulate the scene outside the cockpit seen by the pilot, so that the pilot can judge the aircraft's attitude, position, altitude, speed and weather conditions. The advanced visual system uses a computer to generate the scene outside the cockpit, and then displays it through projection and display devices.
4. Computer system
It is the nerve center of the flight simulator. A flight simulator is a real-time simulation control system with high real-time requirements, a large amount of information exchanged, and high precision requirements. The computer system is responsible for the calculation and control tasks of the mathematical models of each system of the entire simulator. Modern flight simulators are usually composed of several computers combined to form a network. Each computer not only processes different information, but also communicates with each other continuously, so that the entire simulator can run in unison.
5. Instructor console
It is the monitoring center of the flight simulator, which is mainly used to monitor and control the flight training situation. It can not only display various parameters of aircraft flight (altitude, speed, heading, attitude...) and flight trajectory of the aircraft in time, but also can set various flight conditions (wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, air pressure, starting point) Location......). In addition, various faults can be set to train the pilot's ability to judge and deal with faults. The advanced teacher's desk also has the functions of maintenance, inspection, assessment and identification.
The significance of the aircraft simulation cabin
The aircraft simulation cabin is a device that simulates various flight states of the aircraft on the ground. It is mainly used for flight training and scientific research. It can be operated in the simulation cabin. It can practice driving, piloting and other skills, and can observe and experience the phenomena and feelings in flight.
All instruments, joysticks, and even sounds on the aircraft simulation cabin are exactly the same as the real aircraft; in addition, the operation of the flight simulator is relatively simple, and visitors can complete takeoff, landing, turning, and aerobatics in a short time and other complex actions.
The greatest popular science value of the aircraft simulation cabin is that it enables visitors to experience the knowledge of flight manipulation, and through interactive manipulation, understand the basic knowledge of aviation, such as the generation of aircraft lift, the air turning of the aircraft, etc.
The aircraft simulation cabin includes a flight simulation cockpit composed of a simulated aircraft cover, instrument panel, pilot seat, steering wheel, etc., and a three-channel display splicing system.